This is really just a variation of the no-knead homemade crusty bread recipe (which you must try if you haven't, by the way!), but people are always asking me for the recipe, and it's so easy (provided you plan ahead so it can have time to rise), so I figured I'd post it on its own!
1. In a large bowl, whisk together the flour, salt, and yeast (no need to "proof" the yeast first).
2. Add in water and mix until a shaggy mixture forms. Mix in rosemary and cheese.
3. Cover bowl with plastic wrap and set aside for 12-18 hours.
4. Pour dough out of the bowl onto a floured piece of parchment paper, and shape into a ball. Cover the ball with plastic wrap, and sit it on the parchment paper.
5. Place some sort of oven-safe dish with a lid into the oven. This could be a Dutch oven, or a cast iron pot with a lid, stainless steel pot with lid, Pyrex dish with lid, Corningware with lid, etc. I use a 2.5 quart round Corningware dish with a glass lid. It just needs to be somewhere between 2.5 and 7ish quarts. No need to grease or flour the dish at all.
6. Preheat the oven to 450 (letting the empty dish heat up in the oven). While the oven preheats, let the dough just sit on the parchment paper under the plastic wrap.
7. When the oven is preheated, remove the the plastic wrap from the dough. Take the dish out of the oven (be careful and use oven mitts: it will be very, very hot!), and remove the lid. Pick up the parchment paper and drop the dough + parchment paper straight into the dish. Put the lid back on and put it back in the oven.
8. Bake for 30 minutes.
9. Remove the lid and bake for another 15 minutes.
10. Remove bread from the dish (again, it'll be very hot, so be careful!) and cool on a wire rack before slicing.
(mixing the ingredients)
(shaggy dough, pre-rise)
(covered and set aside to rise)
(it should look something like this after rising)
(risen dough in a ball on parchment paper)
(into the hot dish in the oven - this photo is the non-rosemary version, but you get the idea)
(all done! Again, this photo is the non-rosemary kind, but same deal!)